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HCFS Music Structure

HCFS Music is a mixture of school led concepts and the Charanga Music School Scheme.

Explicit Music lessons take place as part of the ‘Skills Based Core Curriculum’, for 30 minutes each week.  Alongside this the children have additional music opportunities as identified on the whole school overview. Singing is ingrained within the school’s culture across all year groups.


Singing Assembly

All children take part in a weekly singing assembly, where they learn a variety of songs across a range of genres. Just as athletes warm up before a race, children are taught the importance of warming up their vocal chords by completing different activities. Children are taught about their posture and breathing during this time, as well as learning about performance technique and skills.


Performance Opportunities

Throughout the course of the year every child has a chance to perform both within a group and individually. The events for this vary each year, however may consist of Christmas Production, Harvest Festival, Easter Celebration, End of Year Production, Music Extravaganza, Mother’s Day Sing a long and many more.

All performance opportunities place a great emphasis on children’s speaking skills, as well as their performance skills. Every child has the opportunity to sing as part of a group, and there are also options for soloists and duets.



On entering Key Stage Two, children are able to audition for the school choir. The audition process for this takes into account children’s commitment to singing, but also their musical aptitude. The children learn songs from a range of genres and also explore the meaning and history behind the song and genre. The choir teaches children patience, discipline and performance technique above that covered within the curriculum. The Choir represent the school at various events throughout the course of the year.


Charanga Music

Charanga provides teachers with weekly lesson plans that differentiate across each year group and meet all of the requirements of the national curriculum.

Charanga is focused on an integrated, practical, exploratory and child led approach to musical learning.


Each Unit of Work comprises of strands of musical learning;

Listening and Appraising

Through a structured, questioning approach, children are taught to listen to, review and evaluate music across a range of historical periods, genres, styles and traditions.

Listening and Appraising also focuses on the composer of each piece and famous musicians.


Musical Activities  

Each activity is based around a particular song. The song is usually the focus of the whole half term’s unit.

Musical activities can be broken down into the following sub categories.


Games; these embed the interrelated dimensions of music through repetition.

Singing; this is at the heart of all musical learning.

Playing; children have the opportunity to play instruments along to the song they are learning. This is usually tuned/ un-tuned classroom percussion. It is here that a basic introduction and understanding of notation is introduced.

Improvisation; this happens with the song using voices and instruments.

Composing; this happens with the song using instruments.


Perform / Share

Children share what has taken place during the lesson and work towards performing to an audience.

Lesson Structure

The structure of a 30 minute Charanga lesson should be:

Listen and Appraise – 10 minutes.

Musical Activities – 15 minutes.

Perform / Share – 5 minutes.


Lesson Assessment

Charanga carefully plans for musical progression through KS1 and KS2. This can be seen in detail in the specific musical progression documents.

The termly Assessment Check uses a Plan – Do – Check – Review approach, which monitors children’s progress against the following strands of music; listen and appraise, musical activities (including singing, playing instruments, performing and composing) and perform and share.  Children are identified as either Working Towards, Working At, or Working Above the expected level.

For more information about what your child is learning, please speak with their Class Teacher.

  • Hatfield Community Free School, Briars Lane, Hatfield,
    Hertfordshire, AL10 8ES
  • 01707 276018